ChinaFintech – Consumer Credit Reporting Agency Baihang Signs up 120+ Data Partners

Baihang (百行征信), the only licensed consumer credit reporting agency mainly targeting alternative lenders, has reached data sharing partnerships with more than 120 companies in internet finance and traditional consumer finance sectors. (link in Chinese)

Baihang would collect and process data submitted by partners and in turn provides access to its credit information database and other “value-added” services.

Before the establishment of Baihang earlier this year, major Chinese lenders that offered loans online largely relied on their in-house developed credit screening systems which take alternative data from both their own sites and third-party vendors into account.

The first batch of 15 companies to get integrated onto Baihang’s platform are mainly online lenders.

Here’s the list,

Established internet companies

Online consumer financing providers

Licensed consumer finance companies

Auto finance companies

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ChinaFintech – China’s First Licensed Consumer Credit Reporting Agency Opens for Business

Baihang Zhengxin Limited (百行征信有限公司), the state-backed consumer credit reporting agency officially opened for business on May 23rd. It is the first to obtain a license to operate a personal credit reporting business in China.

It will be mainly targeted at alternative lenders, particularly online lenders. Previously only China’s central bank maintained a credit information database, the Credit Reference Center, that has mainly been serving established traditional financial institutions while most of the online lenders don’t have access to.

The National Internet Finance Association of China (NIFA), a state-backed industry trade group, holds a 36% stake in Baihang. The eight companies that were approved by the central bank in 2015 to develop their own consumer credit scoring services, including tech giants such as Tencent and Alibaba’s fintech arm, each holds an 8% stake in it.

The eight member companies will reportedly share their data, technologies and other resources with Baihang.

Four of the eight backed by tech companies, Zhima Credit Management Ltd.Tencent Credit Ltd., Qian Hai Zheng Xin, and Kaola Zhengxin, had previously developed their own consumer credit scoring services based on to different extents alternative data generated from their own online services. It’s unknown to what extent they’d share their own data with Baihang.

The products and services provided by Baihang will include consumer credit reports, credit scores, and anti-fraud services.

ChinaFintech – Tencent’s Mobile Consumer Credit Product Weilidai Exceeds RMB100bn in Loan Balance

The outstanding loans of Weilidai (微粒贷), the short-term cash loan product available on Tencent’s messaging apps, had surpassed RMB100 billion (US$16 billion) as of the end of 2017, according to Tencent Q4 2017 earnings report. The non-performing loan ratio was low, said the company.

Weilidai is operated by WeBank, the direct bank in which Tencent has a 30% stake. Launched in 2015 on Tencent’s two social apps, Mobile QQ and WeChat, it’s available to users who are deemed creditworthy by the company’s own big data-based credit risk scoring engine.

The cumulative originations had surpassed RMB300 billion (US$ 47 billion) and total users exceeded 20 million in the first quarter of 2017, according to Wan Jun, COO of WeBank. Local media estimate that the cumulative volume had reached RMB400 million in 2017. (links in Chinese) An overwhelming majority of the loan capital is from partner banks.

The online consumer credit offerings of Ant Financial, the fintech arm of Alibaba, has surpassed RMB 600 billion (US$95 billion), Bloomberg reported earlier this month.

The major capital source for the two major consumer credit products Ant Financial offers is securitization. The company issued over RMB240 billion (US$ 38 billion) asset-backed securities in 2017.


The revenue growth of Tencent’s payment and financial services business in 2017 was driven by 1) consumer withdrawal fees, 2) fees from commercial transactions, 3) interest income and 4) finance offerings including Weilidai, according to Tencent management. The gross profit margin for this business segment increased in 2017. The company expects to invest aggressively in it in 2018.

Licaitong, Tencent’s online platform for personal investment products, aggregated over RMB300 billion (US$ 47 billion) assets under management as of the end of January 2018.

Offline payment transaction volume more than doubled year-on-year in 2017. The total volume of red envelope gifting, cash gift transfers among accounts on Tencent’s two messaging apps, decreased year-on-year but the overall money transfer volume increased year-on-year.